Topwater Lures are the most entertaining lures to fish with because when a fish bites it, it jumps out of the water and makes a big splash because the lure is just on the surface. It is exciting because you never know when a fish will aggressively attack the lure. Some topwater lures have big scoops on the front of it to make a big disturbance on the surface of the water to get a fish’s attention and it might agitate the fish. Other topwater baits make less of a disturbance and are meant to be more finesse and look like a dead minnow. Rapala is a great brand that makes topwater lures and they have pioneered the sport of fishing. They are a Finnish brand and have been making fishing lures since 1936. Topwater lures cost about 5$-10$ and are usually made from balsa wood since it is a light material but in recent years they have been made more with plastic.
Their lures are meant to look like a wounded minnow, for that reason many of them have a splash of red on the front or the bottom to look like blood and they swim with a bit of a wiggle. Tip: for retrieving this kind of lure is to reel it in at medium speed and in the middle of your retrieve take a pause for any fish either to catch up or to make it look like an easy target for a fish. I used this technique one evening and was successful in catching a nice Largemouth Bass.
These lures are best used in calm waters so evenings and mornings are optimum hours but they can be used at any time of the day. This lure is used for fish like bass and pike that feed on the surface and live a lot in the shallow waters. These lures are not used very often for fish that don’t go near the surface because they are sensitive to the sunlight or because they are bottom-feeders like walleye or catfish.
The newest trend in fishing is actually using a topwater frog or even mouse. The frog is made out of plastic that is soft enough for it to be bent and compressed. It is so effective because it is difficult to get it to snag so you can cast it into heavy brush or a patch of lily pads where frogs are located. It doesn’t get snagged because there are two hooks on either side of the frog where its arms would be. The hooks start curling at the back of the frog and curl towards the head of the frog. These two hooks are flush with the top of the frog so they don’t catch on anything when the go by. The reason they can catch onto a fish’s mouth is that when they bite down on the soft plastic it compresses leaving the hooks exposed. It is the same for the topwater mice. I have tried the frog and I caught one fish on it this summer but I got it wrapped around a tree so I had to cut the line.
Topwater lures are usually meant to replicate a wounded minnow or a frog. Fish can find wounded minnows on the surface because at Blue Lake there are a few king fishers who sit in the trees on the outskirts of the lake and wait to see flashes in the water that usually are a school of minnows. When they see that, they fly over and dive into the water to catch one and fly back to the trees. Sometimes the bird can drop a minnow that is dead into the lake so it will just float there and eventually be eaten by a fish.